Grammar : Appropriate Preposition (B - C)

Appropriate Preposition

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( B )

88. Bar to — বাধা — There is no bar (obstacle) to his trying for the post. 

89. Bare of — নগ্ন — The field is bare of (without) grass.

90. Based on — ভিত্তির উপর স্থাপিত — What he says is based on truth.

(i) Beg (a thing) of (a person) — চাওয়া, প্রার্থনা করা — He begged the favour of me. I beg of you to keep quiet.

(ii) Beg (a person) for (a thing) — চাওয়া, প্রার্থনা করা — He begged me for the favour. 

(iii) Beg for (a thing) from (a person) — চাওয়া, প্রার্থনা করা — He begged for help from me.

92. Behave towards — ব্যবহার করা — Behave kindly towards the poor.

93. Believe in — বিশ্বাস করা — I do not believe  (have faith) in his honesty. There is one thing I thoroughly believe in.

94. Belong to — অধিকারে থাকা — This book belongs to me.

95. Beneficial to — উপকারী — Exercise is beneficial to health.

96. Bereft (deprived of) — বঞ্চিত — Bereft of children, he lives a lonely life.

97. Beset with — বেষ্টিত — He is beset (surrounded) with dangers.

98. Bestow on — দান করা — God bestows (give) his blessings on you.

99. Beware of — সতর্ক থাকা — Beware (take heed) of the enemy. 

(i) Bias against — বিরাগ — I have a bias (prejudice) against him (or towards anything particular)

(ii) Bias towards — অনুরাগ — I have a bias (prejudice) against him (or towards anything particular)

(i) Blessed with — অধিকারী — He is blessed with (i.e. possesses) good health. 

(ii) Blessed in — সুখী/ সন্তুষ্ট — He is blessed (i.e. happy) in his children. 

(i) Blind of, in (an eye) — অন্ধ অবস্থা — He is blind of or in both the eyes. 

(ii) Blind to (consequences) — উদাসীন — He is blind to his son's faults.

103. Boast of — দম্ভ করা — Do not boast of your health. 

(i) Born of — সন্তান/ বংশোদ্ভূত — He was born of poor parents.

(ii) Born in (বেড়ে ওঠা) — He was born in poverty. 

105. Borrow of or from (ঋণ করা) — I borrowed the amount of or from him.

(i) Bound for (home) — গমদ্যত, গমনরত — He is bound for (on the way to) England. 

(ii) Bound by (contract) — আবদ্ধ — I was bound by contract to pay the money.

(iii) Bound in (honour) — ব্যস্ত/ আগ্রহী — I am bound in honour to help you.

107. Brood on or over — বিষন্নভাবে চিন্তা করা — Do not brood (think sorrowfully) so much on or over your misfortune. 

(i) Burst into (tears/ laughter) — কান্না বা হাসিতে ফেটে পড়া — The mother burst into tears at the sight of her son's accident. 

(ii) Burst out (laughing/ crying) — হঠাৎ কাঁদিতে/ হাসিতে — The young lady burst out saying 'save me' save me'! Or, the mob burst out laughing.

(iii) Burst through — উঁকি মারা — The sun burst through the cloud. 

(i) Busy at — ব্যস্ত (কোনো স্থানে) — He is busy at his desk.

(ii) Busy in — ব্যস্ত (কোনো কাজে) — He is busy in doing his work (also, without in).

(iii) Busy with — রত (কোন বিষয় নিয়ে) — He is busy with his lessons. 

(iv) Busy about — ব্যস্ত (সম্পর্কে) — He is always busy about nothing. 

110. Buy (a thing) of (a person), কিন্তু from (a shop) — কেনা — I bought this thing of him (I bought this from his shop).

( C )

(i) Class in — ডাকা — Call in the police. 

(ii) Call on — সাক্ষাত করা — He called on mu yesterday. 

(i) Capable of; Capacity for — সক্ষম —  He is not capable of hard work.

(ii) Capacity for — সক্ষম — He has no capacity for hard work. 

(i) Care for about — আগ্রহী হওয়া — He does not care (verb) for me or for wealth, or about the result (has no interest in it). He has no care (n) for me.

(ii) Care of — যত্ন নেওয়া — Take care of your health (or your penny)

(i) Careful of or about — যত্নশীল — He is careful (or careless) of or about his health. 

(ii) Careless of or about — অনাগ্রহী — He is careful (or careless) of or about his health. 

(i) Cause of (a preceding event) — কারণ — What is the cause of your failure? 

(ii) Cause for (ground or justification) — যৌক্তিকতা — There is no cause for anxiety. 

(i) Cautious of — সতর্ক — He is cautious of giving (careful that he may not give) offence.

(ii) Caution against — প্রতিরোধমূলক ব্যবস্থা — Take proper caution against malaria. / He cautioned me against thieves.

(i) Certificate of (সনদ) — I want a certificate of character. 

(ii) Certify to (one's character) — প্রত্যয়ন করা — I certify to his honesty. 

(i) Characterized by — বৈশিষ্ট্যবান — His plans are characterized by boldness. 

(ii) Characteristic of — বৈশিষ্ট্য — Boldness in the characteristic of his plans.

119. Charge (noun) against (a person), of (a thing) — অভিযোগ — What is the charge against him? He took charge (দায়িত্বভার) of the affair.

(i) Charge (verb) (a person) with (fault) — অভিযুক্ত — He was charged (অভিযুক্ত) with theft.

(ii) Charge on (a person) — আরোপ করা — Theft was charged on him.

(i) Claim upon or against (a person) — অভিযোগ — I have no claim upon or against him.

(ii) Claim to — দাবী করা — I have no claim to this money.

(iii) Claim for (thing) — ক্ষতিপূরণ দাবী করা — His claim for damage was accepted. 

122. Clear of (blame) — দূরে থাকা — Keep clear of (free from) wicked friends. 

123. Close to (adj.) — সন্নিকটে — His house is close to (near) mine.

124. Close with (verb) — গ্রহণ করা — He closed with (accepted) the offer.

125. Clue to — সমাধানের সূত্র — Find out the clue to the mystery. 

126. Coincide with — সদৃশ হওয়া বা এক হওয়া — Your story coincides (agrees) with his.

127. Comment upon — মন্তব্য করা — Comment upon this passage. 

(i) Commence on (date) — শুরু করা — The examination commences on the 5th instant. 

(ii) Commence with (work) — শুরু হওয়া — He commenced his speech with a short prayer.

129. Commit to — ঘটানো — To commit murder is punishable in the eye of law.

130. Common to — সাধারণ — The angle is common to both the triangles. 

(i) Compare with (like things) — তুলনা করা — Compare Akbar with Aurangzeb. 

(ii) Compare to (unlike things) — তুলনা করা — Anger is compared (likened) to fire.

(i) Compensate (a person) for (his loss) — ক্ষতিপূরণ করা (ব্যক্তির ক্ষেত্রে) — I compensate him for (made good) his loss. (But we compensate a loss.)

(ii) Compensate with (a substitute) — ক্ষতিপূরণ করা (বস্তুর ক্ষেত্রে) — I compensate the loss with a similar thing. 

133. Competent for — যোগ্য — You are not competent for the post.

134. Compete with, for — প্রতিযোগিতা করা — He competed with me for the post.

(i) Complain to (a person) against (another) — নালিশ করা — He complained to me against you, or of your conduct. 

(ii) Complain of (a thing) — ব্যথা বা রোগে ভোগা/ অভিযুক্ত হওয়া — He complained of headache. He is complained of intimidation during the investigation.  

136. Comply with — সম্মত হওয়া — He complied with (agreed to) my request. 

137. Composed of — গঠিত — What is water composed (made of)?

138. Conceal from — লুকানো — I conceal (kept secret) this from him.

139. Conceive of — ধারণা করা — I can not conceive (think of) of such cruelty. 

(i) Concerned in (a plot) — জড়িত হওয়া — Five men were concerned in the plot.

(ii) Concerned at — উদ্বেগ প্রকাশ করা — I am concerned at your failure. 

(iii) Concerned about (feel anxiety) — উদ্বিগ্ন হওয়া — I am much concerned about the result. 

(iv) Concerned for (anxious for a person's welfare) — কল্যাণ চিন্তা করা — I am much concerned for you.

141. Concur with (a person) in (his decision) or on (point) — একমত হওয়া — l concur with you in your decision (or on this point).

142. Condemn to, for — অপরাধী বলে রায় দেওয়া — He was condemned (sentenced) to death for murder. 

143. Condole with (a person) (his loss) — শোক প্রকাশ করা — We condoled with him on his loss (sympathised).

(i) Confess to (a sin) — দোষ স্বীকার করা — I confess to this weakness. 

(ii) Confession of (weakness) — দোষ স্বীকার করা — It is a confession of weakness. 

(i) Confide in — বিশ্বাস করা — Confide in (trust) me.

(ii) Confide to — বিশ্বাসের সাথে বলা — Confide (tell in confidence) your secret to me.

146. Confident of — দৃঢ়বিশ্বাসী — He is confident of (hopeful) of success. 

(i) Confined in (a room) — আবদ্ধ রাখা — He is confined in jail.

(ii) Confirm to (bed) — ব্যস্ত রাখা — I will confine myself to social work.

(i) Conform with (a person) on (views) — একমত হওয়া — I confirm (agree) with you on this point.

(ii) Conform to; (a rule) — মেনে চলা — Conform to (follow) our rules. 

(iii) Conformity with — অনুসারো — Act in conformity with our rules.

149. Confuse with — তালগোল পাকানো — Don't confuse (mix up) liberty with licences. 
150. Congratulate (one) (one's success) — অভিনন্দন জানানো — I congratulate you on your success. 

151. Conscious of — সচেতন — I am conscious of (aware) my weakness. 

(i) Consequent on, or in — ফলস্বরূপ — Consequent on (or, In consequence of) the failure of the bank many people have lost their all.

(ii) Consequences of — ফলস্বরূপ — Consequent on (or, In consequence of) the failure of the bank many people have lost their all.

(i) Consideration for — বিবেচনা — Show some consideration for his youth.

(ii) Consideration of — বিবেচনা — In consideration of his youth, he is let off this time.

(i) Consist of — গঠিত — My family consist of (গঠিত) six members. 

(ii) Consist in — বিদ্যমান থাকা — True happiness consists in (বিদ্যমান থাকা) contentment 

155. Consist with (agreeing to) — সঙ্গতিপূর্ণ — Your action is not consist with your principles. 

156. Consult with (a person) on, or about (a thing) — পরামর্শ করা — I consulted with him (also, consulted him) on or about that matter.

157. Contact with — সংস্পর্শ করা — I have no contact with him.

158. Contemporary of (noun), with (adj.) (of the same time) — সমসাময়িক — Akbar was a Contemporary of, or was Contemporary with Elizabeth. 

159. Contend with (a foe or difficulties),  for (a thing) — প্রতিযোগিতা করা — He had to contend (complete) for the prize with or against a strong rival.

160. Contented with — পরিতৃপ্ত, তুষ্ট — He is contented with a little.

161. Contiguous to — সংলগ্ন — His house is contiguous (close) to mine.

(i) Contrast (noun) to, with — বৈসাদৃশ্য — Your action is a contrast to (or, is in contrast with) your profession. 

(ii) Contrast between; (in) — বৈসাদৃশ্য দেখান — There is a great contrast between the two. 

(iii) Contrast with (verb) — বৈসাদৃশ্য দেখান — Contrast (compare) Akbar with Aurangzeb. 

163. Contrary to — বিপরীত — You acted contrary to orders (opposite to).

164.  Contribute to — দান করা — Contribute (pay) something to this fund.

165. Control of, over — নিয়ন্ত্রণ — He has no control of/ over himself.

166. Conversant with — পুরোপুরি অবগত — I am conversant (well–acquainted) with the history of the case.

167. Converse with (a person) on, about (a subject) — আলাপ–আলাপনা — I shall converse with him on or about the matter (talk).

168. Converted to, into — ধর্মান্তরিত, পরিবর্তিত — He was converted to Christianity. My joy was converted into sorrow (changed).

169. Convict of — অপরাধী বলে রায় দেওয়া — He was convicted of theft (punished)

170. Convince of — বিশ্বাস জন্মানো — I am convinced (satisfied) of your honesty. 

171. Cope with — এঁটে উঠা — I can not cope with (manage) so much work.

(i) Correspond with (a person), about (a thing) — পত্র যোগাযোগ — Your report correspondent with (write to) him about the matter.

(ii) Correspon to — একমত হওয়া — Your report correspondents to his report. 

(i) Count for — গুরুত্বপূর্ণ হওয়া — Our advice counts for nothing (i.e. is of no effect) with him.

(ii) Count upon — নির্ভর করা — I count (depend on) upon your help. 

(i) Credit to — জমা করা — Credit the amount to my account. 

(ii) Credit with — (ভাল কিছু) দায়িত্বভুক্ত — Credit my account with the amount. The invention of robot is credited to the company.

(i) Cure (v) (one) of (disease) a — রোগ মুক্তি — He is cured of his disease. 

(ii) Cure (n) for (disease) — আরোগ্য লাভের উপায় — Have you any cure for disease?

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