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Essay : The Liberation War of Bangladesh

The Liberation War of Bangladesh

Introduction : The Bangladesh Liberation War was a war of independence during 1971, which resulted in the secession in the secession of East Pakistan from the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and established the sovereign nation of Bangladesh. The was pitter East Pakistan and India against West Pakistan and lasted over a duration of nine months. It was one of the most violent wars of the 20th century, which witnessed large-scale atrocities, the exodus of 10 million refugees and the displacement of 30 million people.

The War broke out on March 26, 1971, when the Pakistan Army launched militancy operations against Bangali civilians, students, intelligentsia and armed personnel. In response, the declaration of Bangladesh independence was proclaimed by the father of Nation Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. India entered the war on December 3, 1971, after Pakistan launched pre-emptive airstrikes on northern India. Overwhelmed by two war fronts, Pakistani defenses soon collapsed. On December 16, the Allied Forces of Bangladesh and India defeated Pakistan in the east. 

Operation Searchlight : A planned military invasion carried out by Pakistan Army codenamed ‘Operation Searchlight’ started on 26 March and the diminishing all opposition, political or military within one month. On the night of 25 March, Bengali Members of military service were disarmed and killed, students and the intelligentsia were systematically liquidated and able-bodied Bengali males were just picked up and gunned down. 

Declaration of independence : The violence unleashed by the Pakistani forces on 25 March 1971, proved the last straw to the efforts to negotiate a settlement. Following their outrages, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh. 

Conclusion : On December 16, 1971, Dhaka fell to the Mitro Bahini, the elite of the Mukti Bahini and the Indian Army. An ‘Instrument of surrender’ was signed by the defeated Pakistani General Niazi and by Indian Commander General Aurora. This is now Bangladesh which became liberated and independent. December 16 is recognized as the Victory Day in Bangladesh, while March 26 is recognized as the independence Day with sovereignty, Bangladesh is progressing in all aspects.

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