বইয়ে খোঁজার সময় নাই
সব কিছু এখানেই পাই

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Rights And Duties

There are several rights and duties of a citizen. A man needs several basic human rights to live in a society. These are social rights, civil rights, political rights, cultural rights, religious rights, and economic rights. It is generally thought that every living person should have some common rights to satisfy the fundamental needs and human life. These are the freedom of opinion, security of life, right of citizenship, right of vote, right of education, and right of justice. Rights may be described as legally recognized privileges that are granted to a person for his proper physical, mental and spiritual growth and development towards the realization of his best self. A man can enjoy several social rights and perform several duties. Enjoyment of social rights imposes upon them some duties to the society in which they live. The first and foremost duty of a student is to learn his lesson regularly. An educated person can participate in many voluntary services in different spheres of our national life. Most of the people in our country are illiterate. They are not always aware of their social responsibilities and they utterly lack in civic consciousness. People can go to the village and tell the farmers about the importance of the scientific method of cultivation and manuring. People who are aware of the importance of family planning in our economic life can argue with masses in accepting the methods of population check. During the famine, epidemics, floods and other natural calamities, students can render services to the distressed. The most important duties of a citizen are loyalty to the state, obedience to the law, payment of taxes and participation in the act of defending the state. In fact, rights and duties are correlative.

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Rumour

Rumour is some information that is spread by being talked about but may not be true. For instance, we heard that South Korea was going to be merged with North Korea. Actually, that did not happen. Rumour plays a very important role in shaping public opinion, even in a very important matter. A rumour can bring victory or defeat. In the battle of Kurukshetra, a rumour was spread that the general named Ashathan on the side of the Kurus was killed. And the effect of the rumour was that the common soldiers were seized with such a panic that they took to their heels and left the battlefield. The Kurus were defeated in the battle. Rumour in thus a very strong force to mould public opinion. Rumour has become a common phenomenon in our society. Rumour destroys the faith of a man. Generally, common people are victimized by it seriously. Shakespeare in his play “Henry the Fourth, Part Two” characterized rumour as one of the worst mischief-makers. And all of us know from our own experience what rumour can do or undo.

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Rural Development

Rural development means the development of the villages. Most of the people of our country live in the villages. Importance of village development in our country is great. Rural development in our country has various aspects. The most important of them are agriculture, primary and secondary education, means of communication, sanitation and health, cottage industries, fishery, cooperative societies, community life etc. Our village people are poor. They do not know the scientific method of cultivation. They should be provided with improved tools and better seeds. Prompt steps should be taken to destroy pests. The land under cultivation should be brought under a proper system of irrigation. More than eighty percent of our rural population is illiterate. We have not enough primary school in our rural areas. The secondary schools are not many in number. Most of the villagers cannot bear the requisite charges for the education of their children. The communication system of the villages is not so well. Many old roads, bridges, culverts, and railway bridges have been repaired. Still, the question of the importance of communication is a problem in rural areas. Health and sanitation should be improved. Our government should take necessary steps for our rural development.

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Role of Grammen Bank to Eradicate Poverty

Grameen Bank is a non-government organization, the supreme target of which is the eradication of poverty. In Bangladesh, we notice the progress of Grameen Bank in all spheres of development. Grameen Bank is a landmark in the history of Bangladesh. It is needless to say that Grameen Bank does a lot of constructive work in the field of socio-economic progress of our country. It plays an important role in promoting the capabilities of the people who are living in poverty. It distributes loans among the people in different ways. It helps to use our human resources. If human resources are not properly utilized, they will gradually be inactive and useless for the country. Grameen Bank takes very practical and pragmatic programmes to remove poverty from the country.

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Rickshaw Puller

A rickshaw puller is a very common figure in a town and in a village in our country. He earns his living by pulling rickshaw all day long. Generally, a rickshaw puller is a very poor man. He lives from hand to mouth. Most of the rickshaw pullers do not have their own rickshaw and that is why they have to hire a rickshaw from an owner whom they have to pay a certain amount of money every day. A rickshaw puller has to work very hard as he has to work in the sun and in the rain. The work of a rickshaw puller is also risky in a busy town. In a busy town where buses, trucks, and cars run all day long, a rickshaw-puller has to ride his rickshaw very carefully. Very often we see the trucks, buses or the cars to run over the rickshaw. Most of the rickshaw-pullers live an inhuman life. Rickshaw-pullers in a town lives in the slums being deprived of the five basic needs. Very often the rickshaw pullers are not well paid by their passengers. Thus we see that the life of a rickshaw puller is very miserable.

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