বইয়ে খোঁজার সময় নাই
সব কিছু এখানেই পাই

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Indiscriminate use of Loud-Speaker

Indiscriminate use of loud-speakers is one of the main reasons for sound pollution. Like many other pollutions, sound pollution is also very dangerous for human beings. Quietness is natural. It is essential for a peaceful life. At present, it is lost due to sound pollutions. Loud-speakers are used in shops, hotels, cinema-halls and various ceremonies. The roar of loud-speakers disturbs not only normal work but also creates a noisy atmosphere. The students are the main victims of it. Students cannot concentrate their attention on studies. The conditions of patients in hospitals sometimes deteriorate for this. Besides this, many young people listen to music by using loud-speaker. Missing news, news of the political meeting, advertisement of film and many other products are also circulated by using loud-speaker. It causes disturbance to the mass people. So it should be stopped at once. Govt. should be strict in applying the law against this problem. Each and every citizen has to be conscious of indiscriminate use of loudspeakers.

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Importance of Games and Sports

Games and sports are necessary for many reasons. They build health and character. These determine our career also. Games keep us physically fit. We can have a sound mind in a sound body. Games and sports play a vital role in forming one’s personality. Those who play no games have stunted growth and personality. Education without games is a one-sided affair. Mere mental and moral development is not enough. Physical development is as necessary as mental growth. Every system of education lays much stress on the utility of games and sports in life. A person who wants to compete with rivals has to develop courage. It will help him in the serious business of life. Games influence character and career of a man. Those who have no interest in the business of life. Games influence character and career of a man. The valuable effect of sports on the team spirit. One who plays must place the interest of the team above everything else. Games and sports teach us how to live in harmony. These teach how to fight with opponents. Games and sports teach us team spirit without which we cannot achieve anything in life.

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Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquency is one of the serious problems of mass society. It is an outcome of rapid urbanization and industrialization in modern times. This has almost become a universal problem in most of the industrialized countries including India and Bangladesh. Delinquency is a kind of abnormality. When a juvenile exhibits behaviour which may prove to be dangerous to the society or to himself he may be called a Juvenile Delinquent. Since the juveniles are not grown up enough their work should be treated as abnormal work and, in a systematic way, the abnormality should be removed. Proper psychic treatment can be helpful in this regard. In simple words, it can be said that juvenile delinquency is a type of abnormal or anti-social behaviour of a juvenile who is below an age specified by statute.

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Life in a village

There was a time when living in a village was the life of peace and happiness. Gone are those days when the villages had enough and to spare, and the nation lived in the villages. But now a village is not a comfortable place to live in. Those who live in villages fall into three classes, namely, the rich, the middle class and the toiling mass. The rich are very few because they turn away from the village and usually live in towns. Some of the middle-class people are land-holders. But they do not cultivate the land themselves. They engage landless who do all the work for them. The businessmen among the middle class ae prosperous. The vast majority of the villagers belong to the toiling mass. They are poor peasants, landless labourers, the artisans, the blacksmiths, the weavers, the fishermen and the people engaged in such other useful work. The village is, however, full of dirty politics. There are some shrewd people who keep up quarrels, rivalries, and litigations among the rival groups to get some financial benefits out of them. On the whole, the life of the villagers is a sad tale of woes and sufferings. The village is generally the seat of poverty, squalor, illiteracy, disease, and death. But the importance of the village in our national life is very great. We must not forget that if the villages die out, the fate of our nation will be sealed forever. Villages must be reconstructed at any cost and village life should be restored to its former state.

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Liberation War of Bangladesh

The War of Liberation of Bangladesh from the occupation of Pakistan was fought in 1971. The Pakistani ruling clique and their vested interest group began to treat Bangladesh which was then East Pakistan as a colony of West Pakistan. Therefore, under the leadership of Bangabandhu victory of the Awami League at the election of the National Assembly of Pakistan in December 1970. Thus Bangabandhu acquired the right to form the Government of Pakistan with his absolute majority in the Parliament. But under cover of negotiation with the Awami League leaders President Yahia Khan hatched a conspiracy. On the fateful night of March 25, 1971, Bangabandhu was taken a prisoner to West Pakistan and the Pakistani army cracked down upon the innocent and armless people of East Pakistan. They also attacked the Police Force, the EPR and the Bengal Regiment who resisted them tooth and nail. The Pak army continued to kill people, torture women, burn houses, loot property and damage crops. One crore of people fled away and took shelter in neighbouring India. Meanwhile, East Pakistan was declared independent Bangladesh. A new government was formed at Mujibnagar. The Mukti Bahini was organized and trained. They began to hit back the Pakistani hordes. In fact, everyone in Bangladesh was a freedom-fighter and did his best to help the Mukti Bahini. While the Mukti Bahini gained in strength and efficiency and kept the occupation army in utter embarrassment, the Pakistani forces attacked India because of her support on the Bangladesh issue. Eventually, the Mukti Bahini and the Indian forces formed a Joint Command and inflicted crushing blows on the enemy in every sector compelling them to surrender. On the 16th of December, 1971 the Pakistani soldiers surrendered their arms to the Joint Command at a ceremony in Dhaka. Thus after long nine months of the massacre, the war of Liberation came to an end and Bangladesh won freedom. Now the 16th of December is observed as the Victory Day.

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