Paragraph : Rohingya Refugees

Rohingya Refugees

↬ Rohingya Problem

The Rohingya are an ethnic community, the majority of them are Muslim, who have lived for centuries in Myanmar where the majority are Buddhist. At present, there are about 1.1 million Rohingya in the Southeast Asian country. The Rohingya locally speak Ruaingga, a dialect that is separate from others spoken throughout Myanmar. They are not considered one of the country's 135 official ethnic community and have been denied citizenship in Myanmar since 1982, which has effectively rendered them stateless. They have lived in the area now known as Myanmar since as early as the 12th century, according to many historians and Rohingya groups. And they have been living in Arakan from time immemorial. Since the 1970s, a number of crackdowns on the Rohingya in Rakhine State have forced hundreds of thousands to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh, as well as Malaysia, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries. During such crackdowns, refugees have often reported rape, torture, arson, and murder by Myanmar security forces. After the killings of nine border police in October 2016, the government blamed what it claimed were fighters from an armed Rohingya group and troops started pouring into the villages of Rakhine State. Since the late 1970s, nearly one million Rohingya have fled Myanmar due to widespread persecution. According to the most recently available data from the United Nations in May, more than 168,000 Rohingya have fled Myanmar since 2012. Following violence that broke out last year, more than 87,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh from October 2016 to July 2017, according to the International Organization for Migration. In November 2017, Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a deal for the return of 650,000 Rohingya refugees, who fled in the recent violence. Both countries agreed to complete voluntary repatriation in two years. The plan is based on a similar agreement that was signed in the 1990s to repatriate Rohingya who has fled a previous crackdown led by the Myanmar military.

Same composition collected from another book

Rohingyas refer to the refugees from the Rakhine state of Myanmar who has fled to Bangladesh during the ethnic cleansing by the Myanmar Army. The govt. of Myanmar has oppressed Rohingyas and as per the statement of the United Nations, they were facing genocide in Myanmar. Though Bangladesh has shown utmost humanity at them and gave shelter to over one million Rohingyas who are currently living in different camps in Bangladesh. But this caused many problems at the same time. As their camps are very congested, it is very tough for them to live there. There is no good arrangement for sanitation and other necessities. The govt. of Bangladesh has already discussed several times with the international agencies and the Myanmar govt. to retrieve Rohingyas with honour and dignity. But the Myanmar govt. does not seem to care for them as they are not accepting the citizenship of Rohingyas. It has now become a severe problem for Bangladesh as Rohingyas are fleeing away from the camps and getting involved in different criminal activities. As they are living a miserable life in the refugee camps, they are being sick very often. Moreover, they are giving birth to thousands of children who will be tough to send back to Myanmar. They are also causing a great problem for our people and environment. Though different international humanitarian organizations have visited the place and suggested a quick shift of Rohingyas, the Myanmar govt. did not take any such steps. Our government also lacks diplomatic capability in this issue and this is why Rohingyas are not going back to their country. So, the international community should raise its voice to solve this problem. We hope this Rohingya problem will be solved soon and our people will go back to their normal lifestyle which is very much affected by these Rohingya refugees.
Ahona Sarkar (Athoi)

Same composition collected from another book

The Rohingya are a Muslim ethnic minority group from Myanmar's Rakhine state, just south of Bangladesh, who have at times numbered 1.1 million. Attacks on the Rohingya have been systematic and widespread. A controversial report by the Myanmar government found no evidence of systematic violence against the Rohingya, but the country has refused to allow the UN or outside organizations or journalists to conduct an independent investigation. Most of what's known about the Rohingya crisis is being collected from interviews and information gathered at the Bangladesh border from those fleeing across it. Last February, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights published a report in which refugees told stories of gang rape, mass killings, and brutal beatings. More than half of the women interviewed reported having been a victim of sexual violence. Satellite images have shown Rohingya villages burning. Refugees blame the Myanmar military, while the Burmese military has claimed the Rohingya burned their own homes. Devastating floods in India and Bangladesh over this past summer have worsened conditions in refugee camps and led to a cholera outbreak, water shortages, and malnutrition. The movement of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya into Bangladesh in a short period, driven by the cruel, sadistic Myanmar army, is causing grave damage to Bangladesh. Indeed it is an act of war. Those who perpetrated this crime should be punished. Those who support the genocide should be looked upon with suspicion.


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