Essay : Mass Literacy Movement in Bangladesh

Mass Literacy Movement in Bangladesh

Introduction : Nation’s development depends on its education system. Development of all flourished countries has been possible because of having good education which draws our attention. But it is a matter of regret that about 45% of our people are illiterate. Progress is impossible where many of our people have been suffering from the darkness of knowledge and ill education. So, driving movement against illiteracy in this country is very important. It is a hopeful matter that many of our conscious and social reformers are perceiving that without mass education, no nation can become a welfare country. After that, government has adopted vital role in spreading mass education. 

What is mass education : A well-structured education which is given to both male and female is called mass education. A large number of people (male and female) live in villages. In this country, ancient culture’s center was village. So, in ancient times, villagers were taught through Zari song, Zatra, and religious practice. But, it became failure to fulfill its aim to educate the general folk. Basically, mass education is a type of education where people can judge their judgment whether it is good or bad. 

Bangladesh and mass education : It is very miserable when a large portion of population remains ignorant in an independent country. We have passed four decades but failed to acquire the standard goal of education. In the era of Pakistani and British reign, the people of this country showed their dissatisfaction because of both Pakistan and British’s reluctant to progress in the case of education. So, the literacy rate is below our expectations. So, it is very needed to implement the right decision and planned idea. 

Importance of mass-education : Education is a basic right for all. So, it is the state's duty to educate all the people. In our country, literacy rate is below than in other countries. For this consistent, we have no alternative option to the commencement of the mass education program. All developed countries considered it as the main problem and introduced mass education in all sectors of life. And they have got the resulting hand in hand by virtue of their planned action and implementation of the action. Mass education’s main motto is to create nationalism, patriotism and enable common people to understand its art and literature. So, in this way livelihood earning and economic progress are easily passible through proper education. 

Motive of mass education in Bangladesh : 
(i) Un-educated people are given the inspiration to practice knowledge-producing vocational based work. And they are practiced to increase the efficiency of the work. 
(ii) They are giving minimum knowledge to calculate the daily work. 
(iii) It is important to expose the knowledge through education and it helps to flourish the mental growth with the touch of human activities. 
(iv) To raise one’s duty, rights and responsibilities are the main motives of it. 
(v) Mass education helps people to introduce globally through arranging movie or video. 

Present activities of government : The government has taken proper steps to implement its scheme really. It teaches the elder people in the mosque, club and the yard of the house. The government provides them with book, pencil, pen and a writing paper with the assistance of international organizations. After that primary schools are directed by two shifts in many districts. For such social activities, many districts have become educated. On the other hand, mass education is a rising consciousness among all the people. 

Conclusion : It is very crucial to spread education everywhere in the country to educate the large portion of uneducated people and flourish the manpower. And, proper and practical mass educational activities are proved to be productive. The government can make it more productive taking the assistance of many native foreign forum. In this case, we can exercise the bright example of Indonesia and Sri-Lanka to accelerate the present scheme.
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