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সব কিছু এখানেই পাই

Paragraph Group - 67

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Village Government

Village Government is very important for a village. President Ziaur Rahman had introduced the system of Village Government to maintain peace and order in a village. After the liberation of Bangladesh, she fell a helpless victim to crimes and anti-social activities. Life became insecure. To solve that problem, the Village Government was formed in every village to maintain law and order. The government made sixty-eight thousand village governments control robbery, theft, dacoity, unauthorized use of arms and other anti-state and anti-social activities. All the patriotic and honest citizens of the country came forward to make the Village Government. It helped to create a sense of discipline and unity among the people. The Village Government had to perform many duties. Their duty was voluntary service to the nation. A Village Government seemed to be always vigilant to maintain law and order. It also can take part in rural development works. It can conduct the proceeding of village courts. It is encouraging that all section of the rural people can help the Village Government to keep law and order in the village.

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Voting Right

Voting is the most important political right of every adult citizen of a democratic country. Democracy is a government of the majority. In ancient city-states of Greece, all the citizens sat together and decided affairs of the state. But with the increase of the size and population of states, the voting system has cropped up. At first, only men were allowed to vote. Women had to struggle to achieve the right of voting. Nowadays, all citizens male and female of the age of 18 and above have the voting right. This is known as universal adult suffrage. Members of parliament, president, members of local bodies are elected by secret votes. So voting right is a sacred right of every citizen. The proper and just verdict of the voters can help the formation of a good government in a country. The authority should ascertain that every vote can cast his own vote according to his own will in order to establish true democracy in the country.

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Village Politics

Village politics is a curse in rural societies. Generally, the village people are believed to be very simple. In fact, most of them are so. But there are some people having some schooling. They are very notorious and fraud. These people indulge in village politics. They always think of doing harm to others or cheating them. They encourage and instigate the simple-minded illiterate people to file cases against their enemies instead of settling their disputes. These people always try to keep the quarrel alive. They are litigious people. In order to maintain their power and influence, they resort to village politics. The term politics is misused in the village. Sometimes they set their own house on fire or would their own men with weapons and file false cases in the court against their enemies. Often the infants of two families are married to increase their influence and strength. Good and honest people are afraid of their evil designs. Mass literacy and mass awareness are the only means to get rid of village politics.

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Ways of Fighting Corruption

According to Indian Sociologist Ramanath Sharma, “In corruption, a person willfully neglects his specified duty in order to have an undue advantage.” A corrupted person takes illegal advantages by neglecting duty and misusing power. Bribery, misuse of power, nepotism, avarice for wealth and social condition are the root of corruption. A corrupted person can do everything for wealth and social condition are the root of corruption. A corrupted person can do everything for his own self. Social or state value is fruitless to him. Eradication of corruption is a crying need for the country’s greater interest. To make the country free from corruptions, citizens of all classes should be responsible, accountable, dutiful and considerate. Nepotism, favouritism, red-tapism etc. should be dealt with an iron hand. Besides, some important measures that should be taken are as follows : (a) To ensure worthy, justified and consistent wages to meet the existing cost of living especially for the labour class. (b) To reform administrative channels with liability and transparency – by strengthening trained up the police force and the rightful discharge of their duties. (c) To execute severe exemplary punishment to corrupt people and miscreants by enforcing impartial, inflexible laws and menacing penal codes. (d) To drive healthy, religious and pragmatic awareness into the minds of the people in general against corruption through all mass media. At present, according to Transparency International of Bangladesh (TIB) report, Bangladesh has been marked as the most corrupted country in the world for the 5th time. We are involved in such activities that at times we are surprised to see that corruption is the law. Corruption begets corruption. It should be prevented urgently in all spheres of our activities. Otherwise, we shall fail to build up a sound and potent generation. We should look forward to ensuring corruption-free society as well as a corruption-free country. Now that an Independent Anti-Corruption Commission has been set up which is very up and doing in tackling the problem of corruption. It is expected that corruption will be brought under control within a short time.

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Water Pollution

In our country water pollution is a major health hazard. Water is an important element of the environment. Man cannot live without it. Pure water is essential for health. Water is polluted in various ways. Chemical fertilizers and insecticides are used in the fields by the formers. Rain and floods wash away some of these chemicals and mix them with the water of rivers, canals, and ponds. Besides these, mills and factories throw their waste into rivers and canals and pollute the water. Boats, steamers, launches throw oil, food and human waste into the water of rivers and canals. Oil tankers often clean out their tanks at sea and powerhouses release hot water into the river which kills fish and plants. A lot of latrines are built on the banks of rivers and canals. A number of ‘kutcha’ drains run into rivers and canals. These drains carry human waste and filth and let them fall into the water. Polluted water causes incurable diseases to men. So, we should take proper steps to prevent water pollution.

Same paragraph collected from another book

When water becomes undrinkable and harmful for our existence, we call it polluted. Water is polluted in many ways. Firstly, farmers often use chemical fertilizer and insecticides in the corn fields. When rain and floodwater wash away these chemicals into the rivers, canals or ponds and water gets polluted thereby. Secondly, mills and factories throw their waste into the rivers and canals and thus pollute water. Thirdly, ignorant people pollute water by throwing human waste and filth from drains and insanitary latrines. Water vehicles also pollute water by dumping oil, food waste and human waste. By drinking polluted water, we suffer from fatal diseases and die. Water pollution may cause serious environment disaster. To minimise water pollution, various measures may be taken. However, making people aware of the dangers of pollution is the best measure to reduce water pollution to an optimum level.

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