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Child Labour in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is an underdeveloped country of the third world. She is beset with lots of problems. Among them, child labour is an acute one. It is because, Bangladesh being an agricultural country, has an alarming rate of population growth. As a result, cultivable land is decreasing to give way to a new residence and other facilities. So, pressure on family income is getting sore. Most families need more and more income to cope up the price hike and they send their children to work instead of sending to school. Today millions of children are engaged in various odd jobs such as working in garments factories, workshops, shops, hotels, bidi factories, battery factories and so on. Even there are thousands of children working as house servants or maidservants. They have to work round the clock without any rest. Child labour is a sin. It is a national disgrace for us. It is an alarming signal too. Today’s children are the future adult people and if a large number of our future adults are oppressed and exploited, we cannot expect anything for the nation. They will grow up with ill health and a very weak personality. The future of our country depends upon the children of today. So, we have to give serious thought to this problem. First of all, the government should stop child labour by the strict application of the law. At the same time, financial help should be made available and all these to be done gradually, in phase. Some NGO and the government are already engaged in a number of programmes to find a way out of this problem. We believe that the days are not too far when Bangladesh will be free from child labour.

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City Life

The tendency of modern civilization is to give prominence to city life. All cities have good schools, colleges, and universities for imparting higher education in all branches and disciplines. The best possible medical aid and hospitals are available in the cities. A city provides for better sanitation and a good supply of pure water to the citizens. All the roads are metalled and furnished with electric light. There are better facilities for transport and communication. There are also provisions for games, sports, amusements of different kinds for the recreation of the people. Good facilities for trade, commerce, and industries are available in a city. In consideration of all these advantages, people prefer to live in a city. Most of the people living in cities are generally educated. A great many of them lead to life of comfort and luxury. But there are still a large number of day labourers and wage earners who are attracted to the cities for their earning facilities. They live mostly in slums and earn their living by the sweat of their brow. In spite of all its advantages, most cities are now in the grip of the traffic jam, air pollution, water pollution, sound pollution and a lot of social evils. Thus, nowadays, city life is an unenviable life.

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Canal Digging

Canal digging for irrigation is a very ancient practice. The ancient Egyptians dug canals to irrigate their lands with the waters of the Nile. The water of the Ganges, the Indus, and the Euphrates were similarly used. Modern agriculture in almost all countries of the world is becoming more and more dependent on irrigation because rainfall is often uncertain and irregular. So to ensure steady agricultural production irrigation or canal digging is a must. In our country, thousands of miles of canals have been dug under the G.K. Project, Teesta Barrage Project, Mohuri Project etc. Besides these, numerous canals have been dug here and there in the country. Canals are also dug for draining out surplus rainwater. To make any canal digging project a success proper maintenance and monitoring are necessary because without them the canals get silted up making the project a failure.

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Changing Trends in Family Life

A joint or extended family consists of father, mother and their married sons and grandsons and daughters. A nuclear family comprises the husband and wife and their children if any. In our country, especially in the villages, joint family has been in practice from ancient time and still, it is in vogue. But nowadays there has been a general trend of change towards the nuclear family from the old joint family. When a person takes a job in the town he is automatically separated from his parents and other members of the family living in the village. This person being married forms a nuclear family. Thus the general tendency is toward a nuclear family. This may be due to a growing sense of independence and a materialistic outlook. Educated people nowadays want to enjoy life being free from the obligation of a greater family. So the old family ties are breaking down, but because of the nature of the job, the extended family is still convenient in the rural farming society.

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Civic Sense

Civic sense or consciousness is an indispensable condition of living a peaceful city life. A great many people live together in a town. So a good peaceful living demands from the citizens' certain behaviours regarding health, sanitation, law, and order. If a person throws litter on the street, builds a house in such a way that it causes inconvenience to this neighbours or plays music so loudly that it causes disturbances to others, then living in a city becomes a hellish experience. Again the state demands of the citizens' certain duties and responsibilities. They should pay taxes, vote help the authorities in maintaining law and order, health and sanitation of the country. In a word, a good citizen must be aware of his duties to the state, his neighbours and the public in general. Without this awareness, no one can be a good citizen and without good citizens, no state or country can be a good one. Only a good civic sense can make a town or a country worth living.

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